How it works
Every year a lot of nutrients are taken out from soil together with the harvest. When soil is tilled, countless beneficial micro-organisms die, making humus levels and overall soil fertility deplete. Without the right micro-biology present in the soil, many nutrients are being wasted, increasing erosion, and decreasing the harvest.
Soil microbes are in the soil to break down organic matter and solubilise minerals. As plants and turf grass are not able to use minerals or organic matter that are in the soil, they are broken down by the micro-biology. Only these solubilised compounds in worm castings can pass through the plant cell wall to fertilise the plants giving them the energy to growth.
Soil microbes are in the soil to solubilise minerals into plant food. They also de-compact the soil and promote root growth. As plants grow larger roots, it allows a greater nutrient exchange and resilience for the life of the plant. Soil microbes are also the food for earthworms, which leads to an increase of earthworms in the soil. Soil microbes work as bio-control, helping to reduce pests and diseases on your crops. They also consume organic matter, leading to reduced crop residue and thatch layers under your turf, reducing disease spores. Soil microbes build the soil structure. Healthy soil is alive with beneficial soil microbes. Plants grown in a healthy soil can cope better with changes and stress, such as extreme heat, drought, flood, frost and use of chemicals.
Usually farmers use chemical fertilisers to restore the nutrients lost from soil, where immediate effect on plant growth can be witnessed. However, chemical fertilisers cannot provide food for all beneficial micro-organisms, meanwhile degrading the soil with formation of salts. As time goes by, fertilisation becomes waste of money, because of lack of the right biology to hold on to these added nutrients. Water courses get contaminated with leached nutrients, only causing further problems.
Every organism present in the soil plays important role in soil ecosystem, and we humans should look after these organisms to ensure that the soil stays fertile, and less dependent on chemical fertilisers.
IN ONE SQUARE METRE OF SOIL
How to ensure yield while saving soil organisms?
Feed soil microbes, and build good conditions for them to thrive. This can be done with Ecoworm products, which enhance the natural growing mechanisms of the plant and soil through increasing photosynthesis and feeding microbial communities.
Why organic fertiliser?
Organic fertilisers should be your primary choice as they do not harm the environment while bringing your soil back to life. They have no negative effect on our natural waterways fish or frogs, and are safe to use around children and pets.
When the soil is healthy, microbes feed on minerals, nutrients and even tied up chemicals that are already in the soil. These compounds stay in the microbes’ bodies until they are consumed by other soil microbes or die. This prevents the nutrients and minerals from leaching out of the soil profile with heavy rain or irrigation. This is the organic slow release method of farming that is sustainable, and this is why you can reduce your fertiliser inputs when you go organic.
Chemical fertilisers should be avoided, as they are harmful for our environment. They kill the microbes in the soil, on crops and plants, as well as leach out and contaminate ground water. Another issue with chemical fertilisers apart from destroying the biology in your soil is that they hold the chemical fertiliser in the soil. Therefore, when you overwater your lawn, crops, or when heavy rain leaches and washes the synthetic fertiliser down through the soil profile, the chemicals end up in our ground water polluting our natural rivers and lakes.
Besides all the harm they do to our environment, they also harm its inhabitants. When using chemical fertilisers you poison yourself and your loved ones by simply breathing these chemicals. Do you really want your children and pets play on chemically fertilised lawn, or eat food grown on these nasty chemicals?