What to do in the garden in November

VEGETABLE GARDEN

  • Check garlic and onion to see if there are any rotting bulbs. Remove them immediately. The neck of the bulb is usually the first area to rot. Use onion bags to improve the air flow.
  • Check stored potatoes. Remove the rotten ones immediately.
  • Lift parsnips after the first frost. The flavor will then be sweet.
  • Protect cauliflowers and celery from frost. Protect celery with straw of bracken, and cauliflowers by bending or breaking an outside leaf and placing it over the curd.
  • Build a raised bed to take the bending out of vegetable growing.
  • Aguadulce beans can now be sown in November. They will withstand winter as young plants and will be ready to pick 2-3 weeks ahead of those sown next spring Allow 45cm between rows, with 12 cm between seeds.

FRUIT GARDEN

  • Prune apple and pear trees between now and February.
  • Wait to prune plum trees till midsummer, or they will be susceptible to the leaf silver fungus.
  • Plant raspberry canes and currant bushes.
  • Check fruits in storage and remove the ones with the sign of disease.
  • Tidy up strawberry plants. Cut off dead leaves and remove runners.
  • Plant newly arrived trees, bushes, and cane fruits to their permanent positions.
  • Pick and store apples and pears before they are blown down or damaged.

LAWN

  • Aerate your lawn now. Either use lawn aerator or insert garden fork at regular intervals and lean it back to let in the air.
  • Constantly pick up fallen leaves, to keep the lawn healthy.
  • Top the grass. Any mowing should be set to at least 4cm.

TREES & SHRUBS

  • Tidy up, cut back and tie hardy climbers that have outgrown their position during the summer. They do not need pruning back hard now, just keep them tidy.
  • From now until late March prune any climbers that flower on the current season’s growth (plants such as wisteria, honeysuckle, and late flowering clematis).
  • Start planting bare-rooted and root wrapped roses and shrubs as they become available.
  • Give evergreen hedges a final trim, so they look good for the winter.

FLOWER GARDEN

  • Finish planting spring bulbs so they can establish themselves and attain a reasonable size before the winter. If you are interplanting the spring bedding with bulbs, these too should go in now; tulips can be planted last.
  • Check bulbs for forcing.
  • Cut back chrysanthemums and bring into the green house, if necessary.
  • Protect choice alpine plants from wet conditions.
  • Protect tender plants from frost.
  • Cut back herbaceous plants.
  • Plant-out rooted cuttings of carnations and pinks on free draining soils.

Read more:
What to do in the garden in October
What to do in the garden in December