January Gardening Guide

January Gardening Guide

Vegetable Garden

  • Prevent soil around root vegetables from freezing by covering it with fleece or a thin layer of straw. This protects your veggies from winter's chill.
  • Dig empty beds to break up soil and uncover pests for hungry birds and wildlife. This natural pest control helps maintain a balanced garden ecosystem.
  • Pick Brussels sprouts, spinach, beets, cabbages, and savoys. If frost permits, lift celery, leeks, parsnips, and Jerusalem artichokes. Inspect stored autumn vegetables for pests or rot.
  • Start planning your vegetable plot and adopt the crop rotation method for a healthier, more productive garden.
  • Finish digging over remaining vegetable plots, allowing the soil to break up naturally over winter for easy cultivation in the spring.
  • Start off French beans, early maturing cauliflowers, onions, and lettuce indoors for a head start on a late spring harvest.
  • Force rhubarb outdoors by covering crowns with straw and a large clay forcing pot. Feed with Ecoworm Soil Extract in the spring.
  • Remove yellowing leaves from winter brassicas to eliminate hiding spots for pests and diseases.
  • Enjoy fresh herbs indoors by potting a small piece of mint, thyme, or marjoram. Fresh shoots will soon appear.
  • Prepare the ground for early peas by placing a cloche over the soil to warm it up before sowing.


Fruit Garden

  • Examine stored apples and pears, removing any showing signs of deterioration. Prune autumn fruiting raspberries by cutting back canes.

  • Prune fruit trees, check tree stakes, and plant bare root trees and bushes if the weather permits.



  • Sharpen mower blades for the upcoming season and brush off remaining leaves to prevent weed growth and moss invasion.

  • Avoid walking on the lawn when frosty to prevent damage to grass blades.

  • Spike waterlogged areas with a hand fork for improved drainage. Aerate lawns on heavy clay or compacted soil to prevent waterlogging.


Trees & Shrubs

  • Plant bare root trees, roses, and shrubs in mild weather. Stake tall trees and shrubs to protect them from cold winds.

  • Shake off heavy snow from trees and shrubs, especially evergreens, to prevent branches from breaking or losing shape.


Flower Garden

  • Sow half-hardy annuals under cover to get a jumpstart on your flower garden.

  • Check stored bulbs like dahlia tubers and gladiolus corms for signs of rot or mold. Prune wisterias and dormant rose bushes.

  • Deadhead winter pansies, cut back ornamental grasses, and tidy up perennials by cutting down old stems.


Embrace these January gardening tasks to set the stage for a year of vibrant blooms and bountiful harvests! 🌼


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